A Look at Galatians-The Covenant with The Offspring
I. The Seed
To give a human example, brothers: even with a man-made covenant, no one annuls it or adds to it once it has been ratified. Now the promises were made to Abraham and to his offspring. It does not say, “And to offsprings,” referring to many, but referring to one, “And to your offspring,” who is Christ. This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void. For if the inheritance comes by the law, it no longer comes by promise; but God gave it to Abraham by a promise. Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made, and it was put in place through angels by an intermediary. Now an intermediary implies more than one, but God is one. Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! For if a law had been given that could give life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. But the Scripture imprisoned everything under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. Now before faith came, we were held captive under the law, imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed. So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith. But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian, for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise.
A. Throughout Genesis we see what seems to be endless genealogies that many Bible readers find hard and laborious to read through. The lists of names are there for one primary reason. It’s not to necessarily figure out exact dates, it’s not to keep us informed who was doing good and who was doing bad, but its primary function is to help keep track of the Holy Seed of the Woman. The prophecy in Genesis 3 is the cornerstone prophecy for the Seed coming to crush the serpent’s head. Genesis 3:15
B. We then read that Abraham receives the prophecy in Genesis 12 that God would give his Offspring the land and that His Descendants would be like the stars of the sky.
C. Therefore all of the lists are to keep track of the seed until we come to the Offspring, Christ Jesus the Lord.
II. The Covenant
A. Paul is bold in his declaration that the promise to Abraham was to him and his Offspring. He delineates the point by saying that the promise was not for all of his descendants but specifically to One Descendant that would come to fulfill the covenant promise and that is Christ Jesus.
B. Therefore if we believe in that One Descendant we become a part of the descendants of Abraham and partakers in the promises made to Abraham and His Offspring. This was all decided before the Law was ever given.
III. The Purpose of the Law
A. The Law was added to those who were immediate descendants of Abraham because of transgression and sin. It was to keep them mindful of the expected conduct God had towards the children of Abraham. However if specifically applied to those descending from Abraham’s grandson Jacob. For with each generation, there seemed to be an opportunity to tap into the ultimate Offspring Promise.
B. Righteousness looked like something. The Law was the perfect mirror reflecting righteousness. The Law could tell you how to be righteous, but it could not make you righteous. It was a pedagogue- an instructor. What the Law did do was imprison everyone under sin. I could look into the Law and see where I had failed the Law, and the Law confirmed my failure. Its purpose was to make the descendants of Abraham expectant for the Promised Seed, when they would have the Law written on their Hearts.
IV. Heirs According to the Promise
A. What is amazing according to the Apostle Paul there is no distinction between Jew or Greek in Christ. We are of the same if we have believed in the Offspring.
B. We are children of God and Heirs according to this great Covenant God made with Abraham and his Offspring, so trying to become more Jewish for the sake of righteousness is lunacy and according to Paul should be rejected wholesale, in addition trying to add anything to your salvation for the sake of righteousness is a departure from the Gospel of Jesus.