Studies in the Gospel of John- The First Sign
I. The Miracle at the Wedding Feast in Cana
On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.” Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim. And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him. (John 2:1-11)
A. As we look at the signs recorded in the Gospel of John we will attempt to describe them, as Arthur Pink says, in three ways. 1. The Typical Significance 2. The Prophetic Application 3. The Practical Teaching.
B. When reading the Gospel of John always ask questions of the Holy Spirit, who is the author of the book through Apostle John. As this book records, He, the Holy Spirit, will lead us and guide us into all Truth.
II. The Practical Teaching
A. Jesus and his disciples were invited to a wedding. Mary, Jesus’ mother, had some kind of responsibility at the wedding feast. This is likely a family member’s wedding. The fact that Jesus went to the wedding means that Jesus validated marriage. If you invite him to your wedding and into your marriage He will come!
B. In the time of need Mary approaches Jesus with her request. She was interceding on behalf of the bridegroom. When in need Pray!
C. Jesus refers to His mother as Woman. Not so much a statement of disrespect but a statement of position. She was coming to the Incarnate God and He was responding from His Real Position. By the way, Mary is Blessed among women not Blessed above women.
D. She brings servants to the Lord and instructs them to do whatever He tells them. It is interesting that this sign is performed by the Lord through the servants. It is indicative of the fact that the Lord uses human agency many times in performing miracles and signs.
E. As a result, the servants knew that it was the Lord Jesus that had performed the miracle they were simply doing what He told them to do. However, through the act, the Glory of God was manifested and His own followers believed Him.
III. The Typical Significance
A. We are talking about the types and symbols of the event.
B. Notice it is on the “third day”. We know that it was on the third day that dry ground emerged from the water and in From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. (Matthew 16:21) Also, But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (2 Peter 3:8) There had been 2000 years of Judiasm and the wine of Joy and pleasure had run out. However, the advent of the Christ and His ministry was going to bring fulfillment and purpose to the shadows of Revelation found in the Old Testament establishing a New Covenant based on a better blood and better promises.
C. There were six waterpots used for washing or purification. Six is the number of man. They were earthen pots made from stone. These pots were commanded to be filled with water. Water is indicative of the Word of God. Ephesians 5:26, and Jesus promise in John 4,7 is that it would become a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life indicating the infilling of the Holy Spirit.
D. Recognizing the work of Jesus in the human heart and knowing that when the Word of God enters into a heart by faith that human waterpot becomes cleansed and out of it will flow the wine of His presence and joy.
IV. The Prophetic Application
A. Jesus first sign is worked at a wedding. The whole of the Bible is about marriage. It begins with God establishing a family for the purpose of godly offspring and ends in Revelation where there will be a wedding between the the Glorious Church (Bride) and the Son of God (Bridegroom).
B. For mankind to experience the joy of this coming day they must first experience the work of salvation and infilling of the Holy Spirit. The waterpots that are empty through vain religion must be filled at the command of the Savior and then the flow of wine and joy are realized, and God’s glory is manifested for many to see and enjoy.
C. This is the first work we see in the church age. This act brings people into right relationship with God. It began on the Day of Pentecost, which celebrated the Giving of the Law to the children of Israel which Jeremiah records as the Day of their Betrothal to God. In addition those that were around on the Day of Pentecost said the disciples were drunk with wine. Peter refers them to the prophet Joel concerning the prophecy of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. No wonder Jesus first miracle was at a wedding feast!